Скрипка в джазе: История, джазовые скрипачи, Джо Венути
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Jazz Humor архивы

Скрипка в джазе: История, джазовые скрипачи, Джо Венути

Джо Венути

Джо Венути

Джо Венути (Joe Venuti, 16.09.1903 – 14.08.1978) – американский джазовый скрипач.
Один из первых скрипачей в джазе.
Начал выступать в 20-е годы. В 1925 записывался с гитаристом Эдди Лэнгом. В 1926 году собрал свой квартет “Blue Four”. В конце 20-х работал в оркестре Пола Уайтмена. В 1935 году ушел из шоу-бизнеса и вернулся на сцену только в 1967 году.
В 2000 году Венути был включен в “The Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame”.
Сотрудничал с Benny Goodman, the Dorsey Brothers, Bing Crosby, Bix Beiderbecke, Jack Teagarden, the Boswell Sisters и другими.

Joe Venuti & His Blue Four – Satan’s Holiday


Composed by Venuti.
In addition to being the first great jazz violinist, Joe Venuti was something of a prankster. In perhaps his most famous prank, Venuti called twenty-six tuba players in Hollywood and told them he had a gig lined up. There was no gig. (Tommy Dorsey said 37 to meet at Hollywood and Vine) He just wanted to see what would happen when they all arrived at the same time. Unfortunately, for Venuti, the musician’s union made him pay compensation to each musician who showed up for the event. Venuti was also famous for having pushed a piano out a window, and filling up Bix Biederbecke’s bathtub with Jello. What may have started out as one of his pranks became one of his musical innovations. To play chords on the violin, Venuti tied his bow around his instrument to bring it into contact with all four strings, and thus enabled him to play rich chordal passages of music.

Born and raised in an Italian-American neighborhood in South Philadelphia, Guiseppe [Joe] Venuti (1903-1978) met guitarist Eddie Lang when he was ten years old. The two soon became fast friends and musical collaborators. After falling in love with jazz, Venuti and Lang started a band while in high school, and pioneered the use of the violin and guitar as jazz instruments while playing in the clubs and dance halls of Philadelphia.

In 1924, Venuti moved to Detroit to join Jean Goldkette’s popular dance band, then rejoined Lang in New York the following year. Venuti and Lang joined the Paul Whiteman Orchestra, the nation’s most popular band, in 1929. The next year American film audiences were able to hear their incredible solo playing in The King of Jazz, an early talking picture that featured the Whiteman orchestra.

After Eddie Lang died from blood loss during what was supposed to be a routine tonsillectomy in 1933, Venuti started his own big band. By the mid-1930s, however, he had faded from the spotlight, in part because of his excessive fondness for, and dependence upon, alcohol. In the early 1950s he was a regular on Bing Crosby’s national radio show. After moving to Los Angeles he continued to play in local clubs. In 1967, Venuti played some brilliant solos at Dick Gibson’s Colorado Jazz Party and enjoyed a new wave of recognition and popularity. Despite his poor health, Venuti released a series of superb records and continued to work as a musician until his death from cancer in 1978.

Today, Joe Venuti is remembered for his legendary sense of humor, brilliant technique, hot solos that were rhythmically exciting and brimming with innovative musical ideas, and for the jazz recordings he made in the late 1920s with his childhood friend and musical collaborator, Eddie Lang. Lang and Venuti periodically teamed up to release their joint recordings. And they brought in some of the best brass and reed players of the day to accompany them, including Benny Goodman, Jimmy Dorsey, and Bud Freeman on reeds and Glenn Miller, Jack and Charlie Teagarden, and Tommy Dorsey on horns. Many critics consider Joe Venuti and Eddie Lang’s Blue Four recording sessions of 1927-1928 to be white jazz at its best. “The Wild Dog,” recorded in 1928, demonstrates Venuti’s free swinging style that set the standard for jazz violin, and Lang’s pioneering single-string solo technique that forever changed the way the guitar is played.

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